Metadata of standard literature

time: 2023-06-11 08:03:32
  • GB/T 22373-2021
  • in force

Basic Information

  • Standard:

    GB/T 22373-2021

  • standard name:

    Metadata of standard literature

  • Standard category:

    National Standard (GB)

  • release date:

    2021-03-09
  • Implementation date:

    2021-10-01

standard classification number

  • Standard ICS number:

    General, Terminology, Standardization, Documentation>>Informatics, Publishing>>01.140.20Informatics
  • China Standard Classification Number:

    General>>Economy, Culture>>A14 Library, Archives, Documentation and Information Work

associated standards

Publication information

  • publishing house:

    China Standard Press
  • Publication date:

    2021-03-01

other information

  • drafter:

    Zhou Jie, Li Aixian, Wang Bin, Cheng Nufan, Li Jing, Huang Hai, Xiao Yongshu, Lü Yong, Zhou Qiongqiong, Xu Donghui, Li Jing, Liu Tianyuan
  • Drafting unit:

    China National Institute of Standardization, National Science and Technology Infrastructure Center, Guangzhou Institute of Standardization, Shenzhen Institute of Standards and Technology
  • Focal point unit:

    National Science and Technology Platform Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 486)
  • Proposing unit:

    Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China
  • Publishing department:

    State Administration for Market Regulation National Standardization Administration
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Introduction to standards:

GB/T 22373-2021. Metadata of standard literature.
1 Scope
GB/T 22373 specifies the basic metadata of standard literature data sets, and gives the definition and representation methods of core metadata and common metadata of standard literature.
GB/T 22373 is applicable to the processing, sorting, database construction, compilation, publication and query of various standard literature data sets.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For all dated references, only the dated versions apply to this document. For all undated references, the latest versions (including all amendments) apply to this document.
GB/T 788-1999 Book and magazine format and format size
GB/T 2659 Codes for names of countries and regions in the world
GB/T 3469 Content form and media type identification of information resources
GB/T 4880.1 Language name code Part 1: 2-letter code
GB/T 4880.2 Language name code Part 2: 3-letter code.
GB/T 7156 Document confidentiality level code and identification
GB/T 7408 Data elements and exchange formats Date and time representation for information exchange
Chinese Standard Document Classification
International Standard Classification
Standard Document Thesaurus
3 Terms and Definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1
datasetdataset
A collection of identifiable data.
Note: A dataset can be physically a smaller group of data in a larger dataset. Theoretically, a dataset can be as small as a single feature or feature attribute in a larger dataset.
3.2
dataset series
A collection of datasets that conform to the same product specification.
3.3
metadata
Data that defines and describes other data.
3.4
?? metadata elementmetadata element
The basic unit of metadata.
This standard specifies the basic metadata of standard document data sets, and gives the definition and representation of standard document core metadata and common metadata. This standard applies to the processing, sorting, database construction, compilation, publication and query of various standard document data sets.


Standard contentStandard content

Some standard content:

ICS01.140.20
A 14
National Standard of the People's Republic of China
GB/T 22373—2021
Replacement of GB/T22373—2008
Metadata of standard literature2021-03-09Release
State Administration for Market Regulation
National Administration of Standardization
Release
2021-10-01Implementation
GB/T22373—2021
Foreword
Scope
Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
Description method of metadata for standard documents
4.1 Abstract representation
4.2 Dictionary representation
5 Metadata composition of standard documents
Core metadata of standard documents
6.1 Overview
6.2 Abstract representation of core metadata of standard documents6.3 Dictionary representation of core metadata of standard documents7 Common metadata of standard documents
7.1 Overview
7.2 Summary representation of common metadata of standard documents Table of contents
Appendix A (Normative Appendix) Standard document entity metadata and standard document metadata code set. Appendix B (Informative Appendix) Used standard document metadata table References
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Foreword
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T1.12009. GB/T22373—2021
This standard replaces GB/T22373—2008 "Metadata for Standard Documents". Compared with GB/T22373—2021, the main technical changes are as follows:
The metadata required for platform construction and the metadata required for standard document entity management have been expanded: 8 new metadata items have been added in the revision of this standard: publishing unit code, foreword, introduction, volume and issue number, publication cycle, indexing basis, standard history, and participating units. In the normative appendix, new metadata for standard entity management is added, including: metadata for standard entity, whether the standard entity is translated, standard entity carrier form, standard entity function type, and whether the standard entity is bound. Please note that some contents of this document may involve patents, and the issuing agency of this document does not assume the responsibility for identifying these patents. This standard was proposed by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China. This standard is under the jurisdiction of the National Science and Technology Platform Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/IC486). The drafting units of this standard are: China Standardization Research Institute, National Science and Technology Investment Basic Conditions Platform Center, Guangzhou Standardization Research Institute, Shenzhen Standardization Technology Research Institute.
The main drafters of this standard are: Zhou Jie, Li Aixian, Zhu Bin, Cheng Nufan, Li Jing, Huang You, Xiao Yongshu, Pin Yong, Zhou Qiongqiong, Xu Donghui, Li Ku, and Liu Tianhan.
The previous versions of the standards replaced by this standard are: GB/T22373-2008.
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1 Scope
Metadata for standard documents
GB/T22373—2021
This standard specifies the basic metadata for standard document data sets, and provides the definition and common representation methods of core metadata and common metadata for standard documents
This standard applies to the processing, sorting, database building, compilation, publication and query of various standard document data sets. Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For all referenced documents with dates, only the versions with the dates apply to this document. For any undated referenced document, the latest version (including all amendments) shall apply to this document. GB/T 788
1999 Book and magazine formats and their dimensions GB/T 2659
GB/T3469
Name codes for countries and regions around the world
Content format and media type identification of information resources GB/T 4880.1
GB/T 4880.2
GB/T7156
GB/T7408
Language name code Part 1: 2-letter code Language name code
Part 2: 3-letter code
Document confidentiality level code and identification
Data element exchange format Information exchange
Chinese standard document classification
International standard classification
Standard document subject thesaurus
3 Terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document. 3.1
Dataset
dataset
A collection of data that can be identified.
Date and time representation
Note: A dataset is physically a smaller group of data within a larger dataset. In terms of accuracy, a dataset can be as small as a single element or attribute within a larger dataset.
Dataset series
datasct series
A collection of datasets that conform to the same product specification. 3.3
Metadata
metadata
Data that defines and describes other data.
Metadata element
metadata element
The basic unit of metadata,
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GB/T22373—2021
Note: Metadata elements are unique in metadata entities, 3.5
Metadata entity meladataentity
A group of metadata elements that describe the same characteristics of data. Note: It can contain one or more data entities. 3.6
Metadata subset
metadata section
A collection of metadata, consisting of related metadata entities and metadata indices. 3.7
Core metadata
coremetadata
In a specific field, metadata used to describe the most basic attributes of a data set (information resource): metadata entities and metadata elements that must be selected or conditionally required when formulating its metadata standards. 3.8
Common metadata
commonmetadata
Metadata with commonality in a specific field. Note 1: The common metadata package includes all the contents of the core metadata and is the starting point for the work of formulating metadata standards in a specific field. Note 2: The standard entity data describing the standard document entity can be found in Appendix VIII A.7 to VIII.11 3.9
Description
The process of analyzing, selecting and recording the content and formal characteristics of the document 3.10
Parent document
Parent document
The entity of the document collection that contains the document being recorded or the document collection that contains the document being recorded. 4 Description method of standard document metadata
4.1 Abstract representation
4.1.1 Overview
Abstract representation uses name, definition, English name, data type, value range and annotation to describe metadata. 4.1.2 Name
A name is a tag assigned to a metadata entity or metadata element. The name of a metadata entity begins with a capital letter. The name of a data entity should be written as multiple words without spaces. The pronunciation of each word should be written in human language (such as: XnnnYmmm). The name of a metadata entity should be unique in the data dictionary of this standard.
The name of a data entity should be unique in a data entity, but it is not unique in the data dictionary of this standard. The name of a metadata element can be unique in an application by combining the name of a data entity and the name of a metadata element (such as: metadata. metadata element name).
4.1.3 Definition
Describe the basic content of metadata.
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4.1.4 English name
The English name of data is generally the full English name. 4.1.5 Data Types
GB/T22373—2021
The valid value range of metadata and the provisions for valid operations on the values ??in the value range, such as integer, real, Boolean, symbol, etc.
4.1.6 Value Range
For metadata elements, the bit field indicates its valid bits or uses free text. "Free text" means that there is no restriction on the content of the segment. 4.1.7 Notes
4.1.7.1 Constraints/Conditions
Constraints/conditions are attributes selected by metadata entities or metadata elements, including mandatory (M), optional () and conditional mandatory (). The constraint/condition codes are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 Constraint/Condition Codes
Code
Name
Required
Optional
Conditional Mandatory
Description
Indicates that the metadata entity or metadata element must be selected. Metadata entities can be selected or not selected according to actual applications. The defined optional metadata entities can use optional data elements to guide field data standard setters to fully describe their data. Optional metadata entities can have mandatory elements: these elements become mandatory only when the optional entity is selected. If If an optional metadata entity is not selected, the elements (including mandatory elements) contained in the entity do not select the condition for selecting the metadata entity element. When the condition is met, at least one metadata entity or metadata element is mandatory. "Conditional mandatory" is used for one of the following three possibilities: when selecting between two or more metadata entities or metadata elements, at least one metadata entity or metadata element is mandatory:
b) when another metadata entity or metadata element is already selected, the metadata entity or metadata element is mandatory; ) when another metadata entity or metadata element has selected a specific value, the two metadata entities are mandatory 4.1.7.21
Maximum number of occurrences
The maximum number of occurrences is the maximum number of instances that a metadata entity or metadata element can have. The number of instances is a fixed number of occurrences and is represented by a corresponding number, such as \1\"2"\3\\\, etc. Uncertain instances are repeated and are indicated by "N". 4.2 Dictionary representation
4.2.1 Overview
The data dictionary describes the characteristic attributes of metadata in a tabular form. The data dictionary defines metadata entities and metadata elements through the following 7 attributes.
4.2.2 Identifier
The identifier is a unique code used to represent a metadata element -rrKaeerkAca-
GB/T 22373—2021
4.2.3 Name
According to the requirements given in 4.1, 2.
4.2.4 Definition
Describe the basic content of metadata.
4.2.5 Constraints/conditions
According to 4.1, 7.1 The requirements given.
4.2.6 Maximum number of occurrences
The maximum number of occurrences is the maximum number of instances that a metadata entity or metadata element can have. The number of instances with a fixed number of occurrences is represented by the corresponding number, such as "1\" "2" "3\"2", etc. The number of instances with an uncertain and repeated occurrence is represented by "N". 4.2.7 Data types
The valid value range of metadata and the provisions that allow valid operations on values ??within the value range, such as integer, real, Boolean, character, date, etc.
4.2.8 Value range
For metadata elements, the value range indicates its valid values ??or uses free text. "Free text" indicates that there is no restriction on the content of the field. 5 Standard document metadata composition
Standard document metadata consists of standard document core metadata and standard document common metadata. Standard document core metadata is the basis of various standard document metadata standards.
6 Standard Document Core Metadata
6.1 Overview
The standard document core metadata element system includes 11 mandatory metadata and 3 conditional mandatory metadata elements (i.e. data elements), which can be used for standard document data set compilation, data exchange, website activities and the description of the most basic data set. The content of standard document core metadata is shown in Table 2. Table 2 Standard Document Core Metadata Content
Serial Number
Identifier
Name
Record Status
Record Identifier
Standard Number
Release Date
Release Agency
Standard Status
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Constraints/Conditions
Required
Required
Required
Required
Required
Serial Number||tt ||Identification derivatives
Abstract representation of core metadata of standard documents 6.2.1
Record status
Table 2 (partial)
Name
Implementation or trial date
Confirmation datewwW.bzxz.Net
Chinese standard name
Original standard name
English standard name
Replaced document
Modification
Supplement
Definition: Description of the status (modification, deletion, addition) of the record in the standard document database. English name: recardstatus
Data type: Character
6.2.2
Field: Code in Table A.1
Explanation: Required; Maximum number of occurrences is 1, Record identifier
Definition: The unit that establishes the record request gives a given identification symbol for a certain record. English name: recordidentifier
Data type: character type
Field: 6-digit Arabic numeral serial number
Answer: Required: Maximum number of occurrences is 1
6.2.3 Standard number
GB/T 22373—2021
Constraints/conditions
Required
Required
Conditional required
Conditional required
Required
Meaning: The registration number or registration given by the relevant standardization organization to uniquely identify a certain standard. The standard number is composed of the standard code, serial number, publication year and relevant identifiers. English name: documentreference
Data type: character
Field: standard code + 1 space + sequence number + 1 hyphen "two\ + 4-digit publication yearExplanation: required; the maximum number of occurrences is 1.6.2.4 Publication date
Definition: the date on which the standard is approved by the relevant organization and published. English name: daleofannuuncemen
Data type: character
Field: in YYYY-MM-DD format
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GB/T22373—2021
Explanation: required; the maximum number of occurrences is 1.5 Publishing organization
6.2.5
Definition: the unit that publishes the recorded standard.||t t||English name: anncuncingbody
Data type: character
Field: Full name of the issuing organization or the recognized abbreviation Explanation: Required; the maximum number of occurrences is N. 6.2.6 Standard status
Meaning: The status or attribute of the standard document, indicating whether the document is in draft, trial, supervision, abolished or other status. English name: documcntste.tus
Data type: character
Field: The standard status code recorded according to the document or the notices and journals of the issuing organization
Explanation: Required; the maximum number of occurrences is 1. 6.2.7 Implementation or trial date
Meaning: The date when the standard takes effect or is put into trial after approval by the relevant organization. Document name: effective date
Data type: character
Field: YYYYMM-DD format
Explanation: Required; maximum number of occurrences is 1.
6.2.8 Confirmation date
Definition: The date on which the standard continues to be valid after reconfirmation. English name: confirmation date
Data type: character
Additional: YYYY-MM-DD format. Multiple confirmation dates are separated by a semicolon ":\"Explanation: Required; maximum number of occurrences is N. 6.2.9 Chinese standard name
Definition: The Chinese name or Chinese translation of the standard. Document name: document name in Chinese Data type: character
Field: Chinese standard name (Chinese standards should record the Chinese standard name, and foreign standards should record the Chinese translation of the standard) Explanation: Conditional required: maximum number of occurrences is 1. The Chinese standard abbreviation, English standard name and original standard name should have at least one required.
6.2.10 Original standard name
Meaning: Standard name in languages ??other than Chinese and English, English name: originaldocumentnamc Data type: Character variant
Domain: Menshan text
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6.2.11 English standard name
Meaning: Standard English name or English translation: English name: documentnameinEnglish Data type: Character type
Domain: Baishan Text (China) The standard should describe the English translation of the standard: the foreign standard should describe the English name of the standard) Solution: The conditions must be selected in order: the maximum number of occurrences is 1, there should be at least one mandatory name of the published standard, the English standard name and the original standard name. Select.
6.2.12 Replaced standard
Meaning: Standard replaced by the recorded standard
English name: replicas
Data type: Character type||tt. ||Field: Record the standard number of the superseded standard. When there are multiple superseded standards, each standard number should be separated by a half-width semicolon \. When a part of a standard is superseded by the described standard, \ should be preceded by the superseded standard number. Add relevant explanatory text and include it in parentheses
Solution: Required; the maximum number of occurrences is N
6.2.13 Modification
Text: Modify the voluntary contribution of the written standard Code name, description of the total number and year of publication, English name: amcndedby
Data type: character type
Field: code name of the bibliographic revision, number and year of publication, total number and sum The year of publication is separated by a comma ", \. Answer: required; the maximum number of occurrences is N | Explanation of the secondary and total release years English name: supplementedby
Data type: character type
Qiao domain: bibliographic supplement code, total and total release years, total and release years Questions are separated by a half-width comma ", \" Note: mandatory; the maximum number of occurrences is N. 6.3 Dictionary representation of standard document core metadata The dictionary representation of standard document core metadata is shown in Table 3. -rrKaeerkAca-
GB/T 22373 —2021
Chinese name
Record status
Record identification, etc.
Standard number
Release period
Issuing agency ||tt| |Standard status
Implementation and trial date
Confirmation period
Chinese standard name
Original standard name
English standard name||tt ||Superseded standard
Modifications
Supplements
7 Standard document public metadata
7.1 Overview
Table 3 Standard document core metadata Dictionary representation
Definition
Explanation of the status (revised, deleted, new) of the record in the standard document database
The unit pair for creating the record The unique identification number given to a certain record
The notation number or registration number or standard code number, serial number, release year and The relevant identifier composition standard has been approved by the relevant agency, and the date when the standard was released by the organization issuing the standard
The status of the standard document
The period after the standard has been approved by the relevant agency, it will take effect or be put into trial operation|| tt||The Chinese name or Chinese translation of the Phase II standard document that has been confirmed to be valid after re-marketing, the standard name of the standard text in a language other than English, the fluorescent name or the yellow translation of the standard
Replacement standards | |tt|| Modify the document code, total number and year of publication of the listed documents
Supplement the description of the document code, number and year of publication of the previously recorded documents ||tt| |Conditions
Maximum
Occurrences
Numbers
Data
Type
Character type
symbol type ||tt| |Character type
Character type
Character type
Symbol type
Ning symbol type
Character type
Character Type ||tt ||Character type
Character type
Character type
Ning symbol type
Character type
Value range
Table A.1| ||tt| |Baiyou text
Baishan text
Free text
Free text
Baiyou text
Free text
Standard Document public metadata elements include 14 required metadata, 48 optional metadata and 6 conditionally required metadata elements (i.e. data elements), which can be used for standard donation dataset compilation, data handover website activities and comparison Description of common data sets. Metadata standards for various standard documents should include the core metadata of standard documents, and can be expanded and customized based on the public metadata of standard documents according to the characteristics of the field and profession (see Appendix B). For the content of public metadata of standard documents, see Table 4. 8
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Table 3 Dictionary representation of core metadata of standard documents
Definition
Description of the status of records in the standard document database (revision, deletion, addition)
Unique identification number assigned to a record by the unit that creates the record
Indication number or registration number assigned by the relevant standardization organization to uniquely identify a standardStandard number (standard code, serial number, publication year and related identifiers)Date when the standard is approved and published by the relevant organizationBody that publishes the standard
Status of standard document
The period when the standard takes effect or is in trial implementation after approval by the relevant organization
The period when the standard is confirmed to continue to be valid by the marketIIStandard name in the Chinese name or Chinese translation of the standard text language other than English
Standard replaced by the recorded standard||t t||Modify the description of the document code, total number and total publication year of the included documents
Supplement the description of the document code, total number and total publication year of the old included documents
Conditions
Maximum
Occurrence
Number of times
Data
Type
Character type
Symbol type
Character type
Character derivative type
Character type||| tt||Symbol type
Symbol type
Character type
Character type
Character type
Character type
Character type
Symbol type
Character type
Value range
Table A.1
Free text
YYYY-MM-DL)
Free text
Free text
YYYY MMDD
YYYYMMDD
Baishan text
Free text
Free text
Baishan text
Free text
Baishan text
Free text
The common metadata elements of standard documents include 14 mandatory metadata, 48 optional metadata and 6 conditional mandatory metadata elements (i.e. data elements), which can be used for the compilation of standard document data sets, data handover website activities and the description of common data sets. Various standard document metadata standards should include standard document core metadata, and can be expanded and tailored on the basis of standard document common metadata according to the characteristics of the field and profession itself (see Appendix B). The content of standard document common metadata is shown in Table 4.8
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Table 3 Dictionary representation of core metadata of standard documents
Definition
Description of the status of records in the standard document database (revision, deletion, addition)
Unique identification number assigned to a record by the unit that creates the record
Indication number or registration number assigned by the relevant standardization organization to uniquely identify a standardStandard number (standard code, serial number, publication year and related identifiers)Date when the standard is approved and published by the relevant organizationBody that publishes the standard
Status of standard document
The period when the standard takes effect or is in trial implementation after approval by the relevant organization
The period when the standard is confirmed to continue to be valid by the marketIIStandard name in the Chinese name or Chinese translation of the standard text language other than English
Standard replaced by the recorded standard||t t||Modify the description of the document code, total number and total publication year of the included documents
Supplement the description of the document code, total number and total publication year of the old included documents
Conditions
Maximum
Occurrence
Number of times
Data
Type
Character type
Symbol type
Character type
Character derivative type
Character type||| tt||Symbol type
Symbol type
Character type
Character type
Character type
Character type
Character type
Symbol type
Character type
Value range
Table A.1
Free text
YYYY-MM-DL)
Free text
Free text
YYYY MMDD
YYYYMMDD
Baishan text
Free text
Free text
Baishan text
Free text
Baishan text
Free text
The common metadata elements of standard documents include 14 mandatory metadata, 48 optional metadata and 6 conditional mandatory metadata elements (i.e. data elements), which can be used for the compilation of standard document data sets, data handover website activities and the description of common data sets. Various standard document metadata standards should include standard document core metadata, and can be expanded and tailored on the basis of standard document common metadata according to the characteristics of the field and profession itself (see Appendix B). The content of standard document common metadata is shown in Table 4.8
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